It is a very small area, with land that climbs gently up the slopes from 220 meters above sea level to the 472 of the tallest hills, upon which medieval towns are perched. The incline of the parcels of land used for grape cultivation and their exposure is variable- so much so that an ample variety of microclimates and conditions of cultivation emerge.
The area of production is characterized by four types of terrain:
• Lacustrine (lake) and fluvial conglomerate
• Clay and lacustrine sands (as with Scacciadiavoli)
• Alluvial terrain mostly composed of granules and cobbles
• Marlstone: vast areas, though less interesting in terms of production
• The depth of the vine roots varies according to the type of terrain, from more than 150 to less than 70 cm.
Montefalco and the hills surrounding it have a continental climate type.
Based on the average of the 30 reference years between 1961-1990, the average temperature of the coldest month, January, is of +3,8 °C; that of the hottest month, July, is +25,3 °C.
Average yearly precipitation is of around 700 mm, distributed on average over 89 days, with a relative minimum in summer and a peak in autumn. Snow falls around seven times a year in the town, and at times its accumulation can be considerable. On average, there are 40 days of frost per year.